First lecture: Monday, Jan 14

Exercises (Elina Keihänen): Th 14-16, Physicum A315

First exercise session: Thursday, Jan 24

This is a new special course in cosmology, lectured now the second time; the first time was in spring 2017. While in the decades 2000-2020 the most important new cosmology data came from observations of the cosmic microwave background (CMB), especially by the WMAP (NASA) and Planck (ESA) satellites; the 2020s will be the decade of large galaxy surveys. These surveys include the ongoing ground-based surveys like KiDS (Kilo-Degree Survey) and DES (Dark Energy Survey), and the future LSST (Large Synoptic Survey Telescope); and the space-based surveys by the Euclid (ESA) and WFIRST (NASA) satellites.

The two main cosmological probes of these galaxy surveys are the distribution of galaxies and the distribution of all matter as measured by the gravitational lensing effect. The main statistical mathematical tools are correlation functions, both of galaxy positions and shear, i.e., the distortion of galaxy images due to (weak) lensing. These quantities can be used to constrain cosmological models. The main goal is to improve our understanding of what is commonly called Dark Energy, the cause of the acceleration of the expansion of universe; but a wealth of other astronomical and cosmological information is also obtained.

The course will cover the methods used in galaxy survey cosmology and what we already know about the Universe from them. The first part of the course is about the galaxy distribution and the second part about gravitational lensing. Compared to 2017 (the first time the course was lectured) there will be lots of new material, including the latest results from KiDS and DES, and some other parts of the course will be made lighter; in particular, sections 3 and 5 from part 1 will be skipped.

The lecturer and assistant are members of the Euclid Collaboration.

There will be no exam; the grade will be based on homework.

The course will be lectured in English, unless everyone speaks Finnish.

The first part of the course is partly based on Peacock, Chapter 16, and MBW, Chapter 6. The foundation of the field was laid by Peebles' 1980 textbook. The second part of the course, on gravitational lensing and especially on weak lensing surveys, will probably follow fairly directly Parts I and III of the Schneider et al 2006 book. Lecture notes will be provided and updated as the course progresses.

The course will be relatively mathematical in nature; we will use Fourier and spherical harmonic analysis, and special functions. Recommended background includes Cosmology I and II and Mathematical Methods of Physics (FYMM I and FYMM II).

MBW Sec. 2.7 gives a 4-page introduction to the field. I recommend reading it before the first lecture.

You can give feedback on the course in WebOodi after the last lecture.

Galaxy Survey Cosmology, part 1

Handwritten lecture notes for part 2:

Lecture 1 (March 11th)

Lecture 2 (March 14th)

Lecture 3 (March 18th)

Lecture 4 (March 21st)

Lecture 5 (March 25th: read at home)

Lecture 6 (April 1st)

Lecture 7 (April 4th)

Lecture 8 (April 4th)

Lecture 9 (April 8th)

Lecture 10 (April 11th)

Lecture 11 (April 15th)

Lecture 12 (April 15th and 25th)

Lecture 13 (April 29th)

Additional notes to Galaxy Survey Cosmology, part 2

J.A. Peacock: Cosmological Physics (Cambridge University Press 1999) - Errata

S. Dodelson: Modern Cosmology (Academic Press 2003)

H. Mo, F. van den Bosch, and S. White (MBW): Galaxy Formation and Evolution (Cambridge University Press 2010) - there are several copies in the Library, also available as eBook through Helka

P. Schneider, J. Ehlers, E.E. Falco: Gravitational Lenses (Springer 1992)

P. Schneider, C. Kochanek, J. Wambsganss: Gravitational Lensing: Strong, Weak and Micro (Springer 2006)

M. Kilbinger: Cosmology with cosmic shear observations: a review, arXiv:1411.0115, Rep. Prog. Phys. 78, 086901 (2015)

KiDS

DES

LSST

Euclid

WFIRST

Last updated: April 30, 2019.